An article published by The Evening Standard in 2015 showed that London contains 6 out of 10 of the worst areas for cases of fly-tipping in the UK.
Fly-tipping happens when households or businesses illegally dump waste in areas that are not licensed to manage it. Common items include general household waste, household ‘white goods’ such as fridges, freezers and washing machines, construction debris (demolition and home improvement waste), garden waste, and waste from businesses.
These items may be dumped on highways, back alleyways and footpaths or other areas of public land. Not only does this impede access to these areas and look unpleasant for residents, this practice can lead to a host of environmental, health-related and economic consequences. Food waste can attract pests, and the products dumped may be toxic or hazardous waste. This can cause problems for people and wildlife that come into contact with it, and if liquids are not contained they can seep into the ground and contaminate waterways. The economic cost of identifying cases of fly-dumping, collecting the illegally dumped waste, and pursuing law-enforcement measures across the UK was said to cost £45 million in 2013.
Keep Britain Tidy campaign: fly-tipping: http://kb.keepbritaintidy.org/flytipping/Content/Publications/flylaw.pdf